Brief Introduction to fax internationally

We've already established that faxing is actually fax machines dialing each other and having a conversation in our detailed faxing guide, so it shouldn't come as a too big of a surprise that fax internationally has some specific rules to keep an eye on, just like international call do.

So, what do you need to do to send a fax internationally?

Enter the dial out code for your country (not necessary if you're working from a home or a small office without a switchboard)
Dial the receiver's country code (list of country codes can be seen below)
Dial the receiver's fax number

Making sure you dial the correct country code is of the most importance, as some countries have different codes depending on where you are sending from (sending messages inside of EU countries, for instances, uses code 00, while sending to one of those countries from the Canada or the USA requires you to use 011 code).

Additionally, some countries offer “international carrier selection codes”, letting you select a different carrier to dial outside of your country – this enhances competition between carrier companies in these countries. This is most prominent in Hong Kong, Finland and Israel, but there are other countries using this system.

There are two more similarities to international dialing to warn you of before we present you with the international dial codes – as with dialing, sending international faxes is much more expensive, and you really want to double check your receiver's phone number so you avoid any confusion.

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Zone 1: North American Numbering Plan Area

Countries within NANP (North American Numbering Plan) administered areas are assigned area codes as if they were all within one country. The codes below in format +1 XXX represent area code XXX within the +1 NANP zone – not a separate country code.

The North American Numbering Plan Area includes:

Zone 2: mostly Africa

(but also Aruba, Faroe Islands, Greenland and British Indian Ocean Territory)

Zones 3-4: Europe

Originally, larger countries such as Spain, the United Kingdom or France, were assigned two-digit codes to compensate for their usually longer domestic numbers. Small countries, such as Iceland, were assigned three-digit codes. Since the 1980s, all new assignments have been three-digit regardless of countries’ populations.

Zone 5: mostly Latin America

Zone 6: Southeast Asia and Oceania

Zone 7: Former  Soviet Union

Zone 8: East Asia and special services

Zone 9: mostly Asia

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